⁉️What is gonarthrosis⁉️
❗Gonarthrosis or osteoarthritis of the knee joint is a degenerative disease of the joints, caused by degeneration of cartilage until its complete destruction, resulting in joint deformity, less severe inflammatory reactions are secondary phenomena, resulting from degenerative processes. In more than half of the cases where one knee is affected, both knees will have gonarthrosis.
“Causes and risk factors for gonarthrosis”
The main risk factor is being overweight. Being overweight or obese plays a major role, because it is enough for the body mass index to be higher than 27 for the risk of developing osteoarthritis of the knee to be multiplied three times.
Playing top sports is another known risk factor. Contact sports (especially football and rugby) expose the knees to serious injuries.
“How gonarthrosis manifests itself.”
The pain that occurs during movement causes the patient suffering from gonarthrosis to try to save the affected limb by limiting physical and often professional activity, which leads to restricted mobility in the joint and even contracting in a bent position. In the later stage of the development of the disease, the pain takes place at rest, and the contour of the joint is permanently thickened and deformed.
The pain is located especially in the front or middle part of the knee joint. The pain that occurs during the movement makes the patient avoid the movement of the affected limb by limiting his physical and professional activity, which leads to restricted mobility.
❗Treatment of gonarthrosis❗
The choice of the most effective treatment for gonadrosis depends on the stage and factors that caused the disease. The goals of treatment include relieving pain and improving functioning.